City Profile


Formerly, Palayan City was a Government Stock Farm situated within the Municipality of Bongabon. The city is one of the six cities in the Philippines (namely Manila, Baguio, Quezon City, Trece Martires, Island Garden City of Samal, and Palayan City) whose creation was explicitly planned by the local leaders, passed through enormous deliberations and proceedings by the legislative (Congress) and executive (Senate) branch of the government and eventually approved by the President of the Republic of the Philippines.

On March 26, 1952, the leaders of Nueva Ecija-Governor Leopoldo Diaz, Congressman Jesus Ilagan, Board Members Dioscoro de Leon, Antonio Corpuz and Don Felipe Buencamino, and all mayors of Nueva Ecija convened to talk and plan about the transfer of the capital of Nueva Ecija from Cabanatuan to other municipality. The following locations were suggested: Gapan, San Jose, Santa Rosa, Guimba, Talavera, General Tinio, Baloc (presently Santo Domingo), Muñoz, and the Government Stock Farm (presently Palayan City). After the meeting, the majority agreed that the Government Stock Farm be made as the new capitol site. (1)

The Congress of the Philippines enacted RA 4475 on June 19, 1965, creating Palayan City as the new capital of Nueva Ecija. “Palayan” was chosen as its name, attributed to the province being dubbed as the Rice Granary of the region and the country. Proclamation No. 495 was issued by President Ramon Magsaysay designating December 5, 1965 as the date for the formal organization of the City of Palayan. (Executed on November 18, 1965 in Malacanang Palace, Manila)

Originally, Barangays Malate and Sapang Buho, Municipality of Bongabon and Barangay Ganaderia, Municipality of Laur comprise the city proper until the amendments in 1969, [1] wherein Barangay Maligayaand Fort Magsaysay Cantonment Area, both of Municipality of Laur became a territorial part of the city.

The city was enlarged by virtue of RA 6052 on August 4, 1969 (1) authored by then Congressman Angel Concepcion, which provided for the inclusion of the Military Reservation in Municipality of Laur and Fort Magsaysay Cantonment Area within the Municipality of Sta. Rosa.

On March 9, 1972, Presidential Proclamation No. 983 (1) was enacted, which stipulates that a portion of the government stock farm was allocated to the displaced population of Pantabangan because of the construction of the dam. The resettlement site was eventually converted into regular barangay known as Marcos Village.

The training ground of the Philippine Army was transferred from Fort Bonifacio to Fort Magsaysay in 1983. This transfer facilitated the development of the reservation area into a training complex to serve the army’s training requirements.

On 1984, the city has 14 total number of barangays, namely: Malate (Poblacion), Ganaderia (Poblacion), Sapang Buho, Marcos Village, Imelda Valley, Atate, Singalat, Manacnac, Aulo, Mapaet, Militar, Maligaya, Doña Josefa and the inclusion of Palale, being part of the Military Reservation Area. These barangays turned into 18 on 1988 (during the term of Mayor Pacifico Fajardo) with the inclusion of Caballero, Santolan, Caimito and Langka.

Two more barangays were added in the city on 1995. Barangay Popolon, formerly of Municipality of Bongabon, has been annexed by virtue of RA 8030 [1] – An Act altering substantially the boundaries and/or transferring the territorial jurisdiction of Barangay Popolon from the Municipality of Bongabon to the City of Palayan, Province of Nueva Ecija, exercising administrative control and supervision over the said Barangay and for other purposes. This Act was eventually approved by the people in a plebiscite on October 1, 1995. [1]

Then Barangay Bagong Buhay, one of the three resettlement areas, was converted to a regular barangay on a November 26, 1995 plebiscite to ratify the creation of Sitio Bagong Buhay into a regular barangay out of mother barangay Maligaya. [1]

On September 7, 2006, Barangay Palale was excluded in the city and was awarded to the Municipality of General Tinio by virtue of a Supreme Court decision due to argumentations on local and political boundaries.

Since then, the city maintains political and boundary jurisdiction over the above-mentioned 19 barangay.



Table 1 shows the past local executives of the city from December 5, 1965 where it first constituted up to present.


Table 1. Past Local Chief Executives of Palayan City


1. Eduardo L. Joson 1965 – 1969
2. Elpidio O. Cucio (1st Elective) 1969 – 1980, 1980 – 1986
3. Apolinario R. Esquivel (2nd Elective) 1980
5. Engr. Virgilio M. Fajardo OIC  – 1987
6. Felipe Bautista OIC  – 1988
7. Pacifico M. Fajardo 1988 – 1992
8. Juan D. Bautista Jr. OIC  – 1992
9. Leonora C. Fajardo 1992 – 2001
10. Ma. Lorelie C. Fajardo-Garduque 2001 – 2004
11. Romeo V. Capinpin 2004 – 2013
12. Adrianne Mae J. Cuevas 2013 to present




Age and Sex Structure/Composition

The population of Palayan City exhibits a constrictive age structure as shown in Figure 3, a stationary of shrinking population has a small proportion of children and a relatively large proportion of older people. The population between ages 0-4 with a total of 12,805 accounts for 31.20% of total population of 2015 which is 41,041 (NSO Census, 2015). On the other hand, 62.61% or 25,787 individuals belongs to the age group bracket of 15-59 years old while 2,540 or 6.19% of the population belongs to 60 years old and above.













Figure 4.Palayan City Age Structure 2015

Population Distribution

Among the 19 Barangays of Palayan City, six (6) are classified as urban; Caballero, Caimito, Ganaderia, Malate, Militar and Santolan. The remaining barangay is classified as rural. In 2015 NSO Data, urban barangay has a total population 16,400 and compose of 3,616 households or an average of 5 members. Its population density is 3 individual per hectare hence, the city is the most sparsely populated city in the Philippines according to National Statistics Office (NSO).

Barangay Militar is the most populated barangay with a population of 5,859 or 14.28.17% of the city’s total population in 2015. Followed by barangays Sapang Buho, Atate and Caballero, with a population of 3,892, 3,210 and 2,981 respectively. In contrast, Barangay Mapaet (Manggahan) is the least populated barangay with a population of 681 which is only 1.66% of the city’s total population.

Table 2 below shows the classification, land area, number of households and population of Palayan City for 2015. The population of the city for the year 2015 according to NSO is 41,041. The highest populated barangays are Militar, Sapang Buho and Atate while Barangay Mapaet (Manggahan), Popolon and Bagong Buhay has the lowest population.

Table 2. Classification, Land Area, Number of Households and Population of Every Barangays in Palayan City.


Atate Rural 804.585 645 3,210
Aulo Rural 1,646.720 239 1,190
BagongBuhay Rural 200.000 193 963
Caballero Urban 699.598 599 2,981
Caimito Urban 112.045 474 2,359
Dona Josefa Rural 1,705.990 448 2,229
Ganaderia Urban 229.364 266 1,323
Imelda Valley Rural 206.282 473 2,356
Langka Rural 393.377 261 1,302
Malate Urban 176.098 380 1,893
Maligaya Rural 1,480.870 282 1,406
Manacnac Rural 200.860 387 1,929
Mapaet (Manggahan) Rural 578.693 137 681
Marcos Village Rural 553.655 481 2,393
Militar Urban 2,951.890 1,177 5,859
Popolon Rural 587.608 200 997
Santolan Urban 322.453 399 1,985
SapangBuho Rural 145.029 782 3,892
Singalat Rural 418.705 420 2,093
Total 13,413.82 8,241 41,041

Source: National Statistics Office Census 2015

Table 3 shows the historical population and growth rate of the city. The following data shows that growth rate are its highest from year 1990 to 1995 with a value of 6.33%. Significant events occurred during this period such as the transfer of 7th Infantry Division of the Armed Forces of the Philippines from Camp Aquino in Tarlac to Fort Magsaysay and the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991 that leads to the development of resettlement areas in Bagong Buhay, Bacao and Pinaltakan. Also, the addition of Barangay Popolon formerly in Municipality of Bongabon and the conversion to a regular barangay of Bagong Buhay in 1995 leads to increase population.

Table 3. Historical Population and Growth Rate of Palayan City


1990 20,393
1995 26,851 6.33
2000 31,253 3.28
2007 33,506 1.03
2010 37,219 3.69
2015 41,041 2.05


Labor Force

Out of the total population, 62.61% are of working age that is around 25,696 individual. Working age male outnumbers female with 28.26% and 26.45%, respectively. According to City Labor and Employment Office only 21.39% of working age group are employed which is low compared to other cities in Nueva Ecija. Data shows that 6,718 of Palayanos are employed, 4,672 are male and 2,046 are female. Most of the Palayanos are farmers, overseas worker, teachers, and blue collar jobs such as construction worker, electrician and welder

Population Density

Among the 5 cities in Nueva Ecija, Palayan City has the lowest population density with 3 persons per hectare (ha.) against Cabanatuan City’s 15 persons per hectare (Cabanatuan City Socio Economic Profile, 2015). The most densely populated barangay is Sapang Buho (32 person/ha.), Barangay Aulo has less densely population density of 1 person per ha.

Religious Affiliation

Roman Catholic is the predominant religion in the city followed by Iglesiani Cristo, Born Again Christian and Islam.


            In 1972, Pantabangan Dam was constructed, families were displaced to a resettlement site known today as Marcos Village. Iglesia Ni Cristo members from Hacienda Luisita was relocated in Barangay Maligaya due to heavy persecution from communist-aligned Luisita Workers Union so they forced to leave the farm. The eruption of Mt. Pinatubo gives rise to Barangay Bagong Buhay, Sitio Pinaltakan and Sitio Bacao. An increase in migration is expected when after the construction of government hub is finished on 2017.



Poverty Incidence

            According to DSWD Listahanan 2012 survey, out of 3,816 households in the city that has been assessed, using systematic household selection sampling process; 1,806 household were identified as poor household or 47% of the assessed households.




At present, there are thirty one (31) day care facilities, 21 public elementary schools, 6 private elementary schools and 5 public secondary schools that serves the city. For tertiary level, Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology (NEUST) has 2 extension campuses, in Barangay Militar and Barangay Atate, provincial government owned college the Eduardo L. Joson Memorial College (ELJMC). There are also 2 schools that offers vocational course, TESDA and Palayan City Institute of Technology (PCIT).




There are 6 health centers located within the city, to serve the Palayanos. The Integrated Health Center (Health Center and City Health Office) is located at Barangay Caimito. Categorize as an infirmary hospital it is equipped with a 24/7 emergency room and laboratory facility, birthing facility, x-ray and dental facility. Against the standard of 1 physician and 1 dentist per 20,000 population, the city has 3 physicians and only 1 dentist. The Army Station Hospital in Fort Magsaysay at Barangay Militar extends assistance and medical treatment from time to time to civilians in nearby barangays.




Most residential units are made up of semi-concrete (half concrete-half wood) box type houses. Socialized housing project for local government employees also known as Pag-ibig housing and low cost housing project by National Housing Authority and the local government are located in Barangay Atate.




Peace and order situation were handled by 68 policemen, the city needs 14 more to conform with the required ratio of 1 police to 500 persons. In keeping the peace the local police force has 1 finger printing equipment, 21 hand held radio and 1 base radio, 4 police/service vehicles and 2 motorcycles. Also, 5 Community Police Action Center is located within the city.


The city’s Bureau of Fire Protection has 2 fire trucks and composed of 11 personnel which is off to ideal ratio of 1 fireman per 2,000 individuals.




As of 2016 there are 282 registered business establishments in the city this is because the city mainly relies on agriculture as its propeller of economy, only few business establishments engaging in a small-scale agricultural inputs trading activity are found in the city, along with few hardware and construction supply chains, groceries, furniture industry, bakery and others. However, with the gradual realization of the initially started Agri-Industrialization of the city particularly the 4 cold storage that could accommodate around 1 million bags of onions. Influx of locators/investors are anticipated when the construction of government hub is finish and became fully operational by the year 2017.


Trade, Commerce and Services

            For the year 2015, data from Business and Licensing Office shows that 248 are registered business establishment. The dominant business in the city is sari-sari store with a total of 65 units or 26.21% of the total number of establishments. There are two banking institution in the city, GM Bank and Land Bank of the Philippines. Seven (7) lending/micro finance institutions are located in the city along with growing money remittance industry such as Smart Padala, Globe G-Cash, MLhuillier and Cebuana Lhuillier.

  1. Agriculture

Table 4 illustrates the field crops and commercial crops of the city its total production and average yield. Records shows that 3,387 individuals are into farming and 6,340 individuals are into livestock and poultry production which is 37.85% of the total working age (15-59 age) population of the city. The top main crops of the city are rice, calamansi and corn with total production of 12,266.45 MT, 3,271.20 MT and 2,376.00 MT, respectively. Livestock and poultry production is shown in Table 5. Data are from City Veterinary Office, as of 2015 chicken has the most number of animals followed by ducks and carabao.

Table 4. Field Crops and Commercial Crops of Palayan City


1. Rice      
–       Irrigated 448 5,266.69 5.80
–       Rainfed 699 6,676.01 4.90
–       Upland 63 323.75 2.50
Sub-Total 1,210 12,266.45 13.20
2. Corn
–        Yellow 266 1,968.60 5.10
–       Green/White 35 101.19 3.28
Sub-Total 301 2,069.79 8.38
3. Root Crops
–       Sweet Potato 70 240.00 4.00
–       Cassava 25 150.00 3.00
–        Ube 15 21.00 3.00
–       Gabi 35 80.00 4.00
–       Singkamas 2 4.00 2.00
–       Radish 10 15.00 3.00
Sub-Total 157 510.00 19.00
4. Legumes
–       Mungo 14 42.00 3.00
–       Peanut 10 15.00 3.00
–       Bush Sitao 15 130.00 10.00
–       Pole Sitao 45 500.00 10.00
Sub-Total 84 687.00 26.00
5. Leafy Vegetables
–       Pechay 10 12.00 3.00
–       Mustard 8 12.00 3.00
Sub-Total 18 24.00 6.00
6. Fruit Vegetable
–       Ampalaya 50 1,200.00 20.00
–       Eggplant 40 750.00 15.00
–       Squash 55 480.00 10.00
–       Tomato 40 800.00 20.00
–       Patola 25 300.00 10.00
–       Upo 25 700.00 20.00
–       Okra 40 525.00 15.00
–       Melon 8 50.00 5.00
–       Cucumber 15 50.00 5.00
Sub-Total 298 4,855.00 120.00


7. Spices
–       Sweet/Bell Pepper 45 300.00 10.00
–       Hot Pepper 30 450.00 15.00
–       Onions: Red Creole 122 2,376.00 9.00
–       Granex 27 234.00 9.00
–       Ginger 25 120.00 4.00
Sub-Total 249 3,480.00 47.00
1. Mango 670 2,262.00 3.00
2. Coconut 2 4.00 2.00
3. Guyabano 2 4.00 2.00
4. Cashew 15 20.00 2.00
5. Banana 80 250.00 5.00
6. Guava/Guapple 20 50.00 5.00
7. Chico 2 2.00 2.00
8. Duhat 13 4.00 2.00
9. Papaya 15 50.00 5.00
10. Jackfruit 20 15.00 5.00
11. Cacao 20 40.00 4.00
12. Citrus
      – Calamansi 200 3,271.20 10.00
      – Pomelo 5 50.00 10.00
13. Dragon Fruit 6 100.00 10.00
Sub-Total 1,070 6,122.20 67.00
GRAND TOTAL 3,387 30,014.43 306.58

Source: City Agriculture Office, 2015






Table 5. Livestock and Poultry Production of Palayan City


1. Carabao 472 832
2. Cattle 392 704
3. Swine 174 1,238
4. Goat 543 2,710
5. Sheep 17 245
6. Chicken
–       Broiler Chicken 5 359,000
–       Layer Chicken 1 4,000
–       Native Chicken 1,613 19,731
7. Ducks 513 5,013
8. Turkey 56 432
9. Pigeon 144 858
10. Geese 66 306
11. Horse 11 19
Total 6,340 399,164

Source: City Veterinary Office, 2015

  1. Manufacturing


Palayan City has only one manufacturing industry, a garment factory located at Barangay Maligaya. Its specializes on producing garments for Iglesia Ni Cristo church


  1. Tourism

Tourism has a great potential to boost the economy of the city having vast greeneries and tourist spots. Among its major tourism and historical spots are the Fort Ramon Magsaysay Camp which is one of the biggest military training camp in Asia. It is the home of the Philippine Army’s 7th Infantry Division, the Elite Special Operations Command and the Special Forces Regimen Airborne. It also houses, the Pahingahan Dam and Aquino-Diokno Memorial Shrine and AFP Center. Tourists who loves outdoor activities might want to visit Mount Taclang Damulag, Kukwit Falls, Aetas Resettlement Area in Sitio Bacao and Aulo Dam. A religious site is located in Barangay Atate; the Divine Mercy Chapel and Prayer Garden, has great potential for religious pilgrims.





As of November 25, 2015, City of Palayan’s concreted road network (units in meters):

a. National roads : 15,600
b. City roads : 29,890
c. Barangay roads : 118,542
                                       A total of meter          164,032 meters




a. Telecommunications : PLDT
b. Wireless telecom : Globe, Smart, Sun
c. Broadcast Media : HGDL FM Radio Station
d. Postal : PhilPost









Nueva Ecija Electric Cooperative Area II (NEECO II)



a. Palayan City Water District
b. Imelda Valley II Water Works
c. Maligaya Potable Water System



Palayan City is the host of Nueva Ecija Provincial Government and National Government Offices


Total garbage collection:

2014 : 0.000685 cu.m./capita
2015 : 0.000316 cu.m./capita (decrease)


% of Non-biodegradable waste:


2014 : 0.000272 cu.m./capita (39%)
2015 : 0.000126 cu.m./capitaa (39%)


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